Guizhou Culture

Guizhou is a multi-ethnic province in the southwest of China. It has the country's third largest minority population in China, after Tibet and Xinjiang. Miao and Dong are the two main ethnic minority groups in Guizhou Province. Therefore, in addition to enjoying the scenery, visitors can also explore the rich and colorful folklore and culture of the different ethnic groups living in the area.

Ethnic Groups

Guizhou Province is home to many varieties of Miao, Buyi, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Gelao, Shui, Hui, Bai, Yao, Zhuang, She, Maonan, Man, Mongol, Mulao, Qiang and other ethnic minorities. Tourists can meet many ethnic groups in Guizhou's three autonomous prefectures and 11 minority autonomous counties. 

Minority Autonomous Counties

There are 11 autonomous counties in Guizhou province.

Cities/Autonomous Prefecture Autonomous Counties
Zunyi City遵义市 Daozhen Gelao and Miao Autonomous County(道真仡佬族苗族自治县), Wuchuan Gelao and Miao Autonomous County(务川仡佬族苗族自治县)
Anshun City安顺市 Zhenning Buyi and Miao Autonomous County(镇宁布依族苗族自治县), Guanling Buyi and Miao Autonomous County(关岭布依族苗族自治县), Ziyun Miao and Buyi Autonomous County(紫云苗族布依族自治县)
Bijie City毕节市 Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County(威宁彝族回族苗族自治县)
Tongren City铜仁市 Songtao Miao Autonomous County(松桃苗族自治县), Yuping Dong Autonomous County(玉屏侗族自治县), Yinjiang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County(印江土家族苗族自治县), Yanhe Tujia Autonomous County(沿河土家族自治县)
Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture黔南布依族苗族自治州 Sandu Shui Autonomous County(三都水族自治县)

Traditional Ethnic Villages

Jidao Long-skirt Miao Village in Kaili, Qiandongnan

Qingman Short-skirt Miao Village in Kaili, Qiandongnan

Langde Miao Village in Qiandongnan

Basha Miao Village in Qiandongnan

Zhaoxing Dong Village in Qiandongnan

Xijiang Miao Village in Qiandongnan

Tianlong Tunbu Village in Anshun

Miao Paper-cut

Miao people in Qiandongnan called paper-cut as cut flowers, or Miao stained paper. In the long practice of embroidery, embroidery artists found that embroidery with paper-cut patterns rather than painting patterns on the surface of embroidery can be accurately and continuously copied, saving labor and time, meantime keeping the embroidery surface clean and bright. Since then, they used paper-cut patterns as embroidery blueprints. In order to ensure the quality of embroidery, Miao women apply their intelligence and aesthetic taste to paper-cut patterns, making it have distinct ethnic characteristics.

Food Culture

Guizhou food is also called Qian cuisine, including Guiyang cuisine, Qianbei cuisine, ethnic dishes and other flavors. In the early Ming dynasty, Guizhou cuisine tended to mature, with many dishes dating back more than 600 years. Sour food is a feature of Guizhou cuisine. Almost every citizen in Guizhou has pickled vegetables in their homes. The main materials of pickled vegetables include radish, Chinese cabbage, cabbage and so on.

Ethnic Festivals

Guizhou is a land of festivals, hundreds of festivals are celebrated every year. Among so many festivals, the Lusheng Festival, Sisters' Meals Festival and the New Year of Miao Minority are celebrated grandly.