Jinghong Overview

1. Location

Jinghong is located at the south of Yunnan Province, the middle of Xishuangbanna Autonomous Prefecture. Jinghong is the political, economic and cultural center of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, which is a supernatural oasis in southwest China, while Jinghong is just a bright pearl in the oasis. 

2. Administrative Division

There are 5 towns (Gasa, Menglong, Menghan, Mengyang, Puwen), 5 counties (Jingha Hani  Autonomous County, Jingne County, Dadugang County, Mengwang County, Jino Hill Jino Ethnic Minority County), 1 street (Yunjinghong Street).

3. Ethnic People

Dai Minority Nationalities is the majority. Hani people are mainly distributed in the mountainous and semi-mountainous areas such as Menhai, Menglong and Mengla counties. Jino people are mainly living in Jino and Mengwang townships. Blang people are the aborigines of Yunnan Province, mainly distributed in Bulangshan and Xiding Townships, Mengman, Daluo towns. Hui people are concentrated in Menghai and Mengzhe towns.

4. History

In 1269 of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Jinghong Kingdom was changed into Cheli Army and People General Government which was re-changed into Cheli Xuanwei Shisi (pacification office) in 1384 of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In 1570, the commissioner of Cheli Xuanwei Shisi divided its territory into 12 Banna (12 parts). In 1927, Cheli Xuanwei Shisi was made as Cheli County, and then was renamed as Jinghong County in 1958. Finally, it was upgraded as Jinghong City in 1993. 

5. Things to Do

There are many cultural and scientific institutes here, including Yunnan Institute of Tropical Craps, Yunnan National Laboratory primate Center of China and the largest butterfly farms of China. The city has the most enchanting tropical landscape. The main scenic spots worthwhile visiting are the Peacock Lake, Chunhuan Park, Manjinglan Tourism Village, Folk-Custom garden, Dai Garden (the village of the Dai ethnic group) and Xishuangbanna Primitive Forest Park.


For its typical geography, Jinghong contains elements of both a tropical wet and dry climate and a humid subtropical climate. Summer is long and there is virtually no "winter" as such; instead, there is a dry season (December thru March) and wet season (May thru October). Annual sunshine hours amount to between 1800 and 2300 and annual rainfall ranging from 1,100 to 1,700 millimetres (43 to 67 in). The coolest month is December and January, averaging 16.5 °C , while the warmest is June, at 26.1 °C . 

7. Transportation

Air- Xishuangbanna Gasa Airport is the second largest airport in Yunnan, located just five kilometers from the downtown. Flights to Kunming, Shanghai, Chengdu and other major cities in China run regularly. There is one weekly international flight to Luang Prabang.

Waterway-There are international waterage line to Laos. 

Highway-The speedway from Jinghong to Menghai, Mengla, and Kunming.

The city has the largest public transportation center in Xishuangbanna and connects travelers to nearby cities, towns and villages.

8. Shopping and Dining

Local Specialties: Jade articles, Tree Fossil, Wooden Carve, Coffee, Tea and National Costume

Local Food: Tengchong Bait Wire, Dabopian, Salted Vegetables.

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