Daming Palace National Heritage Park in Xian
Daming Palace National Heritage Park in Xi'an Facts
The Daming Palace National Heritage Park was built on the site of the Daming Palace in the Tang Dynasty. Seventeen emperors had run their state affairs from the Daming Palace of the Tang Dynasty. This had lasted for more than 200 years. Empress Wu Zetian and her husband, Emperor Gaozong of Tang, as well as Empress Wu’s daughter, the Princess Taiping, had all lived in the palace. Daming Palace was the most splendid palace complex in the world at the time and the center and symbol of the Tang Empire.
Chinese Name: 西安大明宫国家遗址公园
Type: Culture & Parks; National Heritage Park
Address: Taihua South Road, Weiyang District, Xi'an City
Best Seasons: All year round
Recommended Visiting Time: about 2 hours
Opening Hours: March to October: 08:30-18:00
November to next February: 09:00-18:00
Tickets:60 Yuan for the historic relic sites and free for most areas of the park.
Why is Daming Palace National Heritage Park So Special？
- The Daming Palace was the imperial palace complex of the Tang dynasty, located in its capital Chang’an. It served as the imperial residence of the Tang emperors for more than 220 years. Today, it is designated as a national heritage site of China.
- Empress Wu Zetian and her husband, Emperor Gaozong of Tang, as well as Empress Wu’s daughter, the Princess Taiping, had all lived in the palace. Daming Palace was the most splendid palace complex in the world at the time and the center and symbol of the Tang Empire.
- The palace also had countless attractive and elegant attached buildings – pavilions, towers, and corridors.
Brief Introduction of Daming Palace National Heritage Park
The Daming Palace (大明宫) area was first built by Emperor Taizong (599-649) of the Tang Dynasty. It was built in the northeast corner of Changan that was the Tang capital city. At its height, Changan was a very big walled city. People say it measured 8 kilometers by 9.5 kilometers or about 5 miles by 6 miles. The city was rectangular, but on the northern face of the city near the northeastern corner, the Daming Palace area that contained a park and recreation area and a palace area jutted out from the walls.It too was walled and had gates leading back into the city, and in its northern area there was a small pond and stream. This addition to the city stretched about 2 kilometers or 1.3 miles north and was about 1.5 kilometers or .9 miles wide at the widest part. The area was destroyed, and currently there is a section with archeological discoveries, and the rest is a park.
In 2007, the government and the municipal committee of Xi’an launched a project to turn the historical Daming area into the Daming Palace National Heritage Park to preserve the area and allow people to enjoy the area that was once the royal grounds of the Tang Dynasty. The park opened in October of 2010. The natural pond at the site called Taiye Pond is a prominent recreational feature that has walking paths, bridges, and flocks of birds that people can enjoy. Certain key buildings were planned to be constructed to recreate the grand ambiance of the Tang era.
History of Daming Palace
The Tang Dynasty grew rich from Silk Road trade and its control over a vast empire. Li Shimin who was the second emperor of the Tang Empire built a palace for his father to live in in the year 634. Li Shimin deposed his father in the year 626. His father was the first emperor of the dynasty. He built the palace area outside the main city to give his father an out of the way place to retire in, but before the palace was completed, his father died in the year 635.
In 662, another emperor named Gaozong added a lot of gardens and constructed a lot of buildings, and the Daming Palace area became his clan’s dwelling quarters. He fortified the area extensively. The area was destroyed in war in the year 896.
At one time, the Daming Palace area had several palaces and temples. The biggest palace was called Huayuan. Other palaces were used to meet officials or foreign ambassadors. There were gates leading both into the main city and out to other sides. There was also a big pond called Taiye pond and a garden that people enjoyed. There was an archery hall, a bathhouse, storehouses, a drum tower, a bell tower, a Cuju (the ancient football) sports filed, and a separate entertainment ward.
Main Attractions of Daming Palace National Heritage Park
Museum of Ruined Site of Daming Palace
Opened on the same day, the Museum of Ruined Site of Daming Palace attached to the park is a theme museum designed to be semi-underground by the Tsinghua University of China. On account of protecting the relics, the museum is also totally enclosed with air-condition, artificial daylight and all kinds of high-tech facilities, which make it a modern palace of arts. 268 pieces (sets) of cultural objects furnished with rich background information are exhibited in the museum all year round, systematically introducing the history of the Daming Palace and the development of the park.
Archaeological Discover Center of Daming Palace
The Archaeological Discover Center sitting at the west side of the site of the royal way of Daming Palace covers some 3500 square meters, showing several topics on archaeology by genuine cultural relics, multi-media show, interaction with visitors, etc.
In the lobby of the museum there is a legendary animal named Chiwen (鸱吻), which is the biggest one among all of that have been founded in the Daming Place. Chiwen is said to be one of the nine different-looking sons of dragon, which likes swallowing fires and was enshrined on roof for guarding a house.
The fist exhibition hall is the where the cultural relics were displayed, including mirrors, ancient shell currency, “knife money” and “Jiaozi” (交子, the earliest paper notes in the world). The second hall introduces what are usually prepared before archaeological excavation such as satellite positioning.
Hanyuan Palace was the main palace, located about 600 m (656 yards) from Danfeng Gate, the middle south gate of Daming Palace. In the Tang Dynasty, it was an important international exchange center. On every New Year’s Day, the emperors would hold great ceremonies there, and welcome ambassadors from various countries and the surrounding minorities. This majestic building reflected the great Tang Dynasty’s prosperous and broad culture and represented the highest architectural level of that time.
The north part of Daming Palace was the garden areas for living and recreation. Linde Palace, located in the northwest, was the biggest attached palace. It was the place where emperors held banquets and received ambassadors. Built in rammed-earth construction, the site measured 130 m (142 yards) long and over 80 m (87 yards) wide. Taiye Pond, also called Penglai Pond was an oval-shaped pond, covering an area of 1.6 hectares (4 acres). As beautiful as a fairyland, the royal pond absorbed the essence of Tang’s garden architecture.
How to get to Daming Palace National Heritage Park
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traveler can choose one of the following ways to the park.
- By Bus:
– take buses No.913, 2, 104, 209, 16, 17, 22, 38, 46, 216, 262, 309, 513, 409, 517, 703, 707, 708 or 801 and get off at “Hanyaun Lukou” (含元路口Hanyuan Intersection), then walk eastward for about 100 meters.
– take buses No. 717, 723, or 528 and get off at “Taihua Lu” (太华路Taihua Road), then walk westward for about 200 meters.
– take buses No.2, 216, 262, 528, 717 or 723and get off at “Tongjia Xiang” (童家巷, Tongjia Lane).
- By Metro:
1. Take Metro Line 4 to Daminggong (Daming Palace Site of Tang Dynasty) directly.
2. Take Metro Line 2 to Daminggong Xi (Daming Palace West) Station and get out from Exit D. Walk towards east for 2 km (1.2 mi) or take a taxi with the cost of around CNY 10 in 5 minutes to the palace.
Useful Travel Tips
- Best Time to Visit: All year round. As summer is hot in Xian, visiting in morning and after sunset is better choice.
On-season (March 1 – November 30) 8:30-18:00; off-season (December 1 – February 28) 8:30-17:30. Equipment maintenance was carried out on April 18, 2018. The business hours of the scenic spot was adjusted to 8:30-17:00, and the ticket sales time was adjusted to 8:30-16:00.
- Admission Fee
CNY 60 for cultural relics preservation and exhibition area including Danfeng Gate Heritage Museum, Daming Palace Heritage Museum, Archaeology Discovery Center and all individual palaces; the other two thirds area of the park is admitted for free.
CNY 30 for the Legend of Daming Palace (a movie).
CNY 95 for a combo ticket including cultural relics preservation area, movie ticket and battery cars.
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