Volcanoes World Geoparks in Hiakou City of Hainan

Volcanoes World Geoparks

Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark (Chinese: 雷琼世界地质公园), also known as Haikou Scenic-Shishan Volcano Cluster, Leiqiong Global Geopark, Haikou Crater Park, and Hainan Crater Park is a national park located approximately 15 km west of Haikou, Hainan, China. It is named for a crater, one of many extinct volcanoes on the island.

The park has a total area of 118 square kilometres. It contains the two towns Shishan Town and Yongxing Town, and more than 40 Quaternary volcanoes. Part of the area is called Mount Maanling (Saddle) Crater Scenic Area. This area consists of the two major volcanoes, Mount Fengliung (furnace) and Mount Baoziling. Together they appear as a saddle, hence the name. Adjacent to these, there are another two volcanoes, one of which is called Mount Yanjinglin.

Why is Volcanoes World Geoparks So Special

Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global GeoparkPossessing more than 40 Quaternary volcanoes, the Geopark boasts the variety of volcanoes, the grotesqueness of lava tunnels, all are volcanic wonders, rarely seen anywhere. Volcanoes, formed ten thousand years ago and volcanic stone culture, started a thousand years ago, fused together with tropical vegetation flora, all have created a particular geopark in tropical city, which characterized by volcanic landscape, tropical ecology and volcanic stone culture. The Geopark became a new type of tour destination.

Introduction of Volcanoes World Geoparks

Layout and highlights

There are 75 geoheritage sites in the park. About 38 protected volcanoes are distributed across the Geopark, including examples of nearly all types formed by basaltic and phreatomagmatic explosions. Judging from the number, variety and completeness of the volcanoes, the park is considered among the top of the Quaternary volcanic belts in China. It is a natural monument of Quaternary basaltic volcanology. Two districts of Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark feature several ‘maar’ craters – broad, low-relief craters caused by an explosion when groundwater came into contact with hot lava. Some of the sea cliffs were also developed by the maar type volcano explosion. Leiqiong’s craters are great examples of this phenomena, including the Huguangyan Maar Lake where research was first conducted on maar lakes in China, which is also the basis for cooperation between Chinese and German scientists. The Geopark is extremely rich in volcanic landscapes and lava structures, such as different kinds of lava flows and tunnels, which is a natural, open-air exhibition of volcanism. The Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark is also positioned in an ecological transition area characterized by a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Here, the volcanic landforms provide the fertilized red earth for the green tropical forests next to the blue sea and the silver beach.


Haikou volcano-themed park boasts the sites of more than 40 volcanoes and 30 volcanic caves. Vegetation, soil, lava, mineral water and hot spring are the five treasures in the volcanic area. The volcanoes in Hainan are the best-preserved volcano heritage in China. According to geologists” textual research, the volcanic eruption in Northern Hainan started from the early Tertiary period of Kainozoic era (about 65,000 thousand years ago) and lasted till the Holocene of Quaternary period (about 13 thousand years ago). After great changes of sea and land for thousands of years, 36 conical craters remain, of which Fenglu Ridge with an elevation of 222.8 meters is the highest peak in Northern Hainan. With rich volcanic resources such as beautiful volcanoes, magic karts caves, as well as perfect ecology, pleasant climate, sweet spring water, fresh air and etc, Hainan Volcano Park is a good place worth visit during your stay in Haikou.

How to Get to Volcanoes World Geoparks

Hainan Volcano Park is located in the west of Haikou City, around 30 minutes driving from downtown Haikou by taxi at around CNY100/way, Tour Bus A will take you there too at only CNY10/person/way. If you stay in hotels on Haixiu Road, please take a taxi first to Binhai Avenue(滨海大道)to catch the tour bus to Hainan Volcano Park. The entrance fee is CNY60/person.

  • By Bus
    Tourist Bus Line A(from Baisha Gate to Haikou Volcanic Cluster Scenic Area)
    Village Bus from Xiuying to Shishan village
  • Self-Driving
    Binhai Road—Nanhai Road—Green Corridor—Scenic Area 
    Binhai Road—Xiuying Road- Nanhai Road—Green Corridor—Scenic Area
    Haixiu Road– Xiuying Road- Nanhai Road—Green Corridor—Scenic Area 
    Longkunnan Road– Nanhai Road—Green Corridor—Scenic Area
    Fengxiang Road– Longkunnan Road– Nanhai Road—Green Corridor—Scenic Area

Famous Attractions in Hainan Province

Edited by  Lynette Fu/付云锐