Geography of Xian
Xi ‘an City is located in Guanzhong Basin in the middle of Weihe River Basin, at 33 degrees 39 N and 107 degrees 40 E, bordering Weihe River and Loess Plateau in the north and Qinling Mountains in the south. East to Huaxian county, Weinan city, Shangzhou city, Luonan County, the west is bounded by Taibai Mountain and Qinghua Loess Tableland and borders Meixian and Taibai County. o the north of Xi’an, along the border of Huangtu Highland, the Beishan mountain system consist of Liang mountain, Yellow Dragon Mountain, Yaowang Mountain and Long Mountain which echo one another at a distance with Qinling Mountains, which forms a barrier around the Guanzhong Plain. Wei River, the largest branch of Yellow River, flows across Guanzhong Plain. Guanzhong Plain came into being due to the alleviation of Wei River and its branches, so it is also called Weihe Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the south and the Weihe River to the north, it is in a favorable geographical location surrounded by water and hills.