Destinations along The Silk Road
This articles lists cities located along the Silk Road. The Silk Road was a network of ancient trade routes which connected Europe with the Far East, spanning from the The Yellow Sea to the Korean Peninsula and Cangarusina.
- 1Along the terrestrial/land Silk Roads
- 1.1The Silk Roads across the Middle East and Western Asia
- 1.2Central Asia
- 1.3Southern Routes and South Asia
- 1.4China: The northern route along the Taklamakan Desert
- 1.5China: The southern route along the Taklamakan Desert
- 1.6China: From Anxi/Dunhuang to Chang’an (Xi’an)
- 1.7The eastern routes
- 2Along the maritime Silk Routes
- 2.1In Southeast Asia
- 3List of Ptolemy
Along the terrestrial/land Silk Roads
Major cities, broadly from the eastern Mediterranean to South Asia, and arranged roughly west to east in each area by modern-day country
The Silk Roads across the Middle East and Western Asia
- Constantinople, ancient Byzantium, (now Istanbul), Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire & Ottoman Empire
- Tbilisi (Tiflis)
- Batumi (Batoum)
- Dura Europos
- Rey (or Ray in modern-day Tehran)
- Hecatompylos (Damghan)
Ruins of Muhammad II’s palace in Old Urgench.
- Kokand (Fergana Valley)
- Andijon (Fergana Valley)
- Khujand (Fergana Valley)
- Ispidjab (or Sairum)
- Hazrat-e Turkestan
The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi in the town of Hazrat-e Turkestan. Built by Timur in the 1390s.
Southern Routes and South Asia
- Bactra (Balkh)
- Alexandria Arachosia (Kandahar)
- Varanasi (or Benares)
- Kathmandu – see also Patan & Bhaktapur
- Jahangir Nagar/Dhaka
The chain of cities along the northern route along the Taklamakan, probably based on Bento de Góis’s itinerary, from Hiarcan (Yarkand) to Cialis (Karasahr or Korla) to Sucieu (Suzhou, Gansu)
China: The northern route along the Taklamakan Desert
Map of eastern Xinjiang with prehistoric sites and the courses of the Folke Bergman, 193
- Kashgar (or Kashi)
- Karasahr (Yanqi)
- Turpan (Turfan)
- Jiaohe Ruins
- Turpan Water Museum
- the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves
- Yumen Pass (or Jade Gate or Pass of the Jade Gate) (city called Yumenguan or Hecang)
China: The southern route along the Taklamakan Desert
- Kashgar (or Kashi)
- Ruoqiang Town (Charklik)
- Yangguan, or Yangguan Pass
- the Mogao Caves
China: From Anxi/Dunhuang to Chang’an (Xi’an)
- Liangzhou (Wuwei)
- Tianzhu, Gansu
- Chang’an (modern-day Xi’an)
The eastern routes
Along the maritime Silk Routes
- Debal, Pakistan
- Ningbo, China
- Fuzhou, China
- Quanzhou, China
- Guangzhou, China
- Ulsan, Korea
- Chittagong, Bangladesh
- Colombo, Sri Lanka
- Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, India
- Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
- Korkai, Tamil Nadu, India
- Muziris, Kerala, India
- Goa, India
- Mumbai, India
- Cochin, India
- Masulipatnam, India
- Lothal, India
- Astrakhan, Russia
- Derbent, Russia
- Sudak, Russia
- Muscat, Oman
- Aden, Yemen
- Bosaso, Somalia
- Suez, Egypt
- Ayas, Turkey
- Venice, Italy
- Rome, Italy
In Southeast Asia
- Kedah (Early history of Kedah)
- Chi Tu
- Gangga Nagara
- Pan Pan
- Funan, Khmer
- Muziris, India
- Chenla, Khmer
- Vijaya of Champa
- Khmer / Kambuja
- Hanoi, Vietnam
- Hoi An, Vietnam
- Srivijaya, Indonesia
- Pasai, Indonesia
- Perlak, Indonesia
List of Ptolemy
This following list is attributed to Ptolemy. All city names are Ptolemy’s, throughout all his works. Most of the names are included in Geographia.
Some of the cities provided by Ptolemy either
- do not longer exist today OR
- have moved to different locations
Nevertheless, Ptolemy has provided an important historical reference for researchers.
(This list has been alphabetized.)
- East Africa – Akhmim, Aromaton Emporion, Axum, Coloe, Dongola, Juba, Maji, Opone, Panopolis, Sarapion, Sennar.
- North Africa – Caesarea, Carthage, Cyrene, Leptis Magna, Murzuk, Sijilmassa, Tamanrasset, Tingis.
- Arabia – Cane, Eudaemon Arabia, Mocha, Mosylon, Sana, Zafār (Saphar), Saue.
- Bangladesh – Sounagaora.
- China – Cattigara, Chengdu, Kaifeng, Kitai, Kunming, Yarkand.
- Europe – Aquileia, Athens, Augusta Treverorum (Trier), Gades (Cadiz), Ostia.
- India – Argaru, Astakapra, Bacare, Balita, Barake, Byzantion, Colchi, Erannoboas, Horaia, Kalliena, Mandagora, Melizeigara, Muziris, korkai, Poompuhar, Naura, Nelcynda, Paethana (Paithan), Palaepatmae, Palaesimundu, Poduca, Semylla, Sopatma, Suppara (Nalasopara), Tagara, Tymdis.
- Pakistan – Barbaricum, Peshawer, Taxilla
- Persia – Alexandria Areion, Kandahar, Persepolis.
- Persian Gulf – Apologos, Asabon, Charax, Gerrha (or Gerra), Ommana.
- Red Sea – Adulis, Aualites, Berenica, Malao, ancient Berbera, Muza, Myos Hormos, Ocalis, Ptolemais Theron.
- South East Asia – Kattigara (Oc Eo), Thaton, Trang.
- Unknown – Ecbatana (located in either modern Iran or Syria), Jiaohei.