Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport
Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport (formerly Shenzhen Huangtian Airport) (IATA: SZX, ICAO: ZGSZ) is the airport serving the city of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. It is located on the east bank of the Pearl River near Huangtian and Fuyong villages in Bao’an District, and is 32 km (20 mi) northwest of the city center. It is a hub for Shenzhen Airlines and Shenzhen Donghai Airlines and for cargo airline SF Airlines, and a focus city for China Southern Airlines and Hainan Airlines. The airport also serves as an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS Airlines. The airport is undergoing major expansion with a second runway completed and opened in 2011 and a new terminal which opened in 2013.
It is one of the three largest airport hubs serving the Pearl River Delta, alongside Hong Kong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. The airport also has direct ferry routes to Hong Kong International Airport, where passengers can transit without going through immigration and custom checks, akin to transit between two flights.
The airport was opened on 12 October 1991. It occupies an area of 10.8 km2 (2,700 acres). Its original runway is 3400 m long and 45 m wide, and it has 53 parking spaces on its apron.
Shenzhen airport handled 26,713,610 passengers in 2010, according to Civil Aviation Administration of China, making it the fifth busiest in China. The airport was also China’s 4th busiest and world’s 24th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic, registering 947,150 tonnes of freight in the year to September 2014. In terms of passenger movements, Shenzhen airport was the 5th busiest airport in China in 2015.
Air China launched the first intercontinental air route out of Shenzhen, to Frankfurt, Germany, on 21 May 2016.
- Terminal A – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
- Terminal B – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
- Terminal D – for international flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
These terminals covered an area of 152,000 sq meters and consisting of 24 jetways. The International Terminal D was opened in December 2008. It had no air gates of its own, just airside bus service to distant positions around the airport.
At the beginning of 2008 the 1.6 km (0.99 mi) long new terminal commenced being built as one of main works for the 2011 Summer Universiade. This new terminal building was called “Terminal 3” from the beginning of construction until its formal opening. Soon after the decision of the closure of Terminals A, B and D, “Terminal 3” was renamed as it was the only terminal building in operation. A new satellite concourse, designed by Aedas, will be built.
Architect: Massimiliano Fuksas, Rome; Structure, Facade and Parametric Design: Knippers Helbig, Stuttgart. The terminal was opened on 28 November 2013 after 4 years of construction and planning.
Passenger transport facilities
The passenger transport facilities are divided into three parts: a main terminal building and two large corridors—1,050 meters long and 650 meters wide—that form a cross shape. The current terminal is three times the size of former Terminals A and B, with 450,000 square meters of floor space, 62 boarding gates and the ability to accommodate any type of plane in the world. The main building has four floors above ground and two floors underground. A connecting Ground Transport Center adjoins the terminal to the south. The main building’s third floor is the waiting area for domestic and international flights, which depart from the east wing.
Ground Transportation Center
The baggage areas of Terminal C are short walks away from the Ground Transportation Center (GTC), where passengers can take buses, taxis and Shenzhen Metrotrains. The transportation center offers local and long-distance bus services on the first floor, with taxi and Airport Express Shuttle 330 bus services on the second floor. The underground floor connects with Airport Station on Metro Line 11. Bus M416 also provides a shuttle service to Hourui Station on Line 1. In the future, it will also connect to the Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen Intercity Railway, which is under construction.
Airlines and destinations
|AirAsia||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Air China||Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Frankfurt, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Los Angeles, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Wuhan|
operated by Dalian Airlines
|Chengdu Airlines||Chengdu, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Eastern Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Jinggangshan, Jinzhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi’an, Yantai, Yulin|
|China Southern Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Huangshan, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Longnan, Luoyang, Luzhou, Meixian, Melbourne, Mianyang, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi’an, Xining, Yan’an, Yancheng, Yantai, Yangon, Yiwu, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
|China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
|China United Airlines||Beijing–Nanyuan, Fuyang, Rizhao|
|Donghai Airlines||Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Darwin, Dongying, Haikou, Haiphong,Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Huaihua, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Mandalay,Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Naypyidaw, Qingyang, Shiyan, Tianjin, Van Don, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Xi’an, Xingyi, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Yiwu, Zhengzhou|
|Fuzhou Airlines||Meixian, Yichang|
|Hainan Airlines||Auckland, Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Brussels, Cairns, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chongqing, Dalian, Da Nang, Dublin (ends 30 August 2019), Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jiamusi, Jinan, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linfen, Luang Prabang, Madrid, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qingdao,Rome–Fiumicino, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Sihanoukville, Taiyuan, Tangshan,Tianjin, Tel Aviv, Tongren, Urumqi, Vancouver, Vienna, Vientiane, Weifang, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xi’an, Xining, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou, Zurich|
|JC International Airlines||Sihanoukville|
|Juneyao Airlines||Changzhi, Sanming, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Yichang, Yinchuan|
|Lion Air||Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Manado|
|Loong Air||Enshi, Hangzhou, Harbin, Ulanhot, Xining, Xuzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
|Mahan Air||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Okay Airways||Baise, Haikou, Nanning, Tianjin, Xi’an|
|Philippines AirAsia||Cebu, Manila|
|Shandong Airlines||Jinan, Qingdao, Shangrao, Yantai, Weihai|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bazhong, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dalian, Datong, Diqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Karamay, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linyi, London–Heathrow, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Quzhou, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi’an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Maotai|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing, Nyingchi, Xi’an, Xichang|
|Spring Airlines||Changchun, Chongqing, Harbin, Huai’an, Lanzhou, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanchang, Phnom Penh, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shaoyang, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Xi’an, Yancheng, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
|Suparna Airlines||Chifeng, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Lanzhou, Ningbo, Urumqi, Zhengzhou|
|Thai AirAsia||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai|
|Thai Lion Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Tibet Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing, Nyingchi, Qamdo|
|Uni Air||Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|West Air||Aksu, Chongqing, Jinan, Nanjing, Zhengzhou|
|XiamenAir||Beijing–Capital, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Liuzhou, Seattle/Tacoma (ends 25 September 2019), Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Tianjin, Xiamen|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Shanghai–Pudong|
|China Southern Cargo||Beijing–Capital|
|Donghai Airlines||Chengdu, Hong Kong, Manila, Shanghai–Pudong|
|EVA Air Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Manila|
|SF Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chennai, Hangzhou, Nantong, Phnom Penh, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Zhengzhou|
|Transmile Air Services||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Uni-Top Airlines||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|UPS Airlines||Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Dubai–International, Kuala Lumpur–International, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore|
|Yangtze River Express||Dhaka, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong|
Shenzhen Airlines is headquartered on the grounds of the airport. Jade Cargo International was headquartered on the sixth floor of the Shenzhen Airlines Flight Operations Building on grounds of Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport. Shenzhen Donghai Airlines has its head office in the Shenzhen Airlines facility on the airport property.
SF Airlines has its headquarters in the No.1 Freight Depot of the International Shipping Center.
Regular bus and minibus services links the Airport with the rest of the city. Intercity bus services to some other nearby cities such as Hong Kong and Dongguan are also available.
Local taxis, and often some taxis from Dongguan, can pick up passengers there from three designated waiting areas. These will have the capacity to handle 21 taxi cabs picking up passengers simultaneously.
Metro / Rail
Airport Station on Line 11 has direct link to the Ground Transport Center of the current Terminal, with eastbound service from the airport via Bao’an and Nanshan to Futian Station, connecting with Futian Railway Station High Speed Rail services, and westbound service via Fuyong, Shajing and Songgang to Bitou.
There are also shuttle services connecting with Line 1 of the Shenzhen Metro. Non-stopping service M416 runs between Hourui Station and the new terminal.
Airport North Station on Line 11 is also built, under the site of future new Terminal project – “Terminal 4”. However, Airport North Station is inaccessible to or from any of the airport facilities. In the future, Line 20 (Shenzhen International Exhibition Center Conveyance Project) will link Airport North Station on Line 11 with services to Chongqing Road, International Exhibition Center South, International Exhibition Center North and International Conference Center stations. The construction of Line 20 is suspended as for early 2019.
Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen intercity railway is currently under construction, and planning to provide services from Shenzhen Airport Station and Shenzhen Airport North Station.
In the future, Shenzhen–Maoming High-Speed Railway and Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Express Railway are planned to stop here.
Fast ferries are available to Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal and Taipa Ferry Terminal in Macau plus to the Skypier Ferry Terminal at Hong Kong International Airport via the nearby Fuyong Pier. Free shuttle buses connect the Pier and the Airport.
Direct services to Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were suspended because the Terminals A & B’s long distance from the ferry terminal made it unpopular for commuters. However, with the opening of Terminal C, direct services may be resumed because it is much closer.
Airport express shuttle bus
There are many bus routes between the airport and the urban area, most of them via expressways and only cost ￥10 yuan.
A future service connecting the airport with Shenzhen North Railway Station is expected to start when the new Terminal 3 opens as part of 5 new major airport express shuttle buses.
Buses currently run mostly via Shenzhen Bay Control Point to many destinations across Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories.
New City Terminal of Shenzhen Airport opens in Hong Kong, (23 March 2010).
Coach service is provided by Trans Island Limousine Service Ltd serving SZIA and Hong Kong, including Sheung Wan, Causeway Bay, Mong Kok (Prince Edward), Tsim Sha Tsui and Hong Kong International Airport.
A direct coach service, operated by Chinalink Bus Company, is available at Elements Mall in Hong Kong. Passengers may check-in for their flights at the bus terminal but luggage must still be carried to the airport by the passengers. The service operates from Kowloon Station on the Airport Express (MTR) line direct to the Shenzhen International airport.
The planned Shenzhen–Zhongshan Bridge will directly connect Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport on the eastern side of the Pearl River Delta with the city of Zhongshan on the western side.
It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels and will cut travel time from Shenzhen to Zhongshan to less than 30 minutes. Construction of the proposed 51 km (32 mi) eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021.
Accidents and incidents
- China Southern Airlines Flight 3456 – Crashed while landing on May 8, 1997