Shandong transportation would offer you information about the conditions and development of varying transportation ways in Shandong including aviation, highway, railway and waterway, and subway.
Several airports have been established in Shandong, and the main ones are Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport, Yantai Penglai International Airport, Weifang Airport, Jining Qufu Airport, Weihai Dashuipo Airport, DongYing Shengli Airport, Linyi Shubuling Airport, Rizhao Shanzihe Airport, etc.
The new airport Qingdao Jiaodong International Airport which was started to build in 2015 and is still under construction will be the largest foreign international airport in Shandong and one of the eight major international airport hubs. The airports in Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai and Linyi are international airports that provide international flights to Frankfurt, Seoul, Inchon, Tokyo, Bangkok, Los Angeles, Nagoya, etc.
The Jingjiu Railway (Beijing-Kowloon) and Jinghu Railway (Beijing-Shanghai) are both major arterial railways that pass through the western part of Shandong. And there are many other railways going through different cities in Shandong, like Jiaoji Railway, Xintai Railway, Zidong Railway, Shide Railway, Delongyan Railway, Lanyan Railway, Taowei Railway, Zaolin Railway, etc. Lots of railways serve Shandong and bring great convenience to the local development as well as its economic development.
Shandong has one of the densest and highest quality expressway networks among all Chinese provinces. In the 17 cities of Shandong province, except for Binzhou, all the cities have access to highways, with a highway mileage of 2,006 kilometers, the total length of Shandong's expressways ranks first in China.
There are several National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) expressways passing through or starting in Shandong. The Beijing-Shanghai Expressway crosses places inside the province like Jinan, Tai’an, Linyi,etc. Jiqing Expressway goes through Jinan, Zibo, Weifang and Qingdao city, connecting the four cities into one. The expressway, together with the Beijing-Shanghai Expressway, forms a "T"-like highway skeleton. Expressways like G2 Jinghu Expressway (Beijing–Shanghai), G15 Shenhai Expressway (Shenyang, Liaoning–Haikou, Hainan), etc. begin in Shandong province. And ones like G18 Rongwu Expressway (Rongcheng–Wuhai, Inner Mongolia), G20 Qingyin Expressway (Qingdao–Yinchuan, Ningxia), etc. Go through here. In addition to some natural expressways, there are many shorter regional expressways within Shandong as well. With lots of highways, every city in Shandong has its own long-distance bus stations which serve local Shandong residents as well as inter-province customers and visitors.
The Shandong Peninsula, with its bays and harbours, has many important ports, including Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, Rizhao, Dongying and Longkou. Many of these ports have historical significance as well. As the sites of former foreign naval bases or historical battles, ferries link the cities on the north coast of the peninsula with the Liaodong Peninsula, further north across the sea. Located on Shandong Peninsula, waterway which is conductive to both freight transport as well as passenger traffic, plays a significant role in Shandong transportation. Yantai, Weihai and Penglai provides passenger ship to Dalian every day, among them, there are 4 high-speed passenger ships from Yantai to Dalian. Meanwhile, Qingdao, Weihai and Yantai offer international passenger ships to South Korea and Japan at regular intervals.
Qingdao subway: Qingdao Metro Line 3 started to operate in 2016, which marked Shandong welcomed subway era. Qingdao Metro Line 2 is under construction, and its eastern part had worked in 2017. The whole Qingdao Metro Line 2 is planned to finished in 2019. Qingdao Metro Line 1 will be the first domestic submarine metro, and its establishment began in 2014, and is expected to finish in 2020.