Fengsheng Ancient Town in Banan District, Chongqing

Why is Fengsheng Ancient Town so Special?

Fengsheng ancient town in Banan district is one of the top ten historical and cultural towns in Chongqing. Founded in the Song Dynasty, it thrived in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties due to the development of business and trade. It is the first dry dock in ancient Baxian County and is known as “the first dry dock in the Yangtze River”. Its unique commercial and cultural atmosphere in ancient Bayu lies between the ancient streets of Gu Xiang. Combining with the urban construction with the natural landscape pattern of “nine turtles seeking their mother”, it embodies the typical idea of building a traditional residential environment in Bayu.

Overview of Ancient Town

Fengsheng Town is located in the east of Banan District, Chongqing, and is also one of the border towns in the east of Banan District. It is about 44 kilometers away from Jie Fangbei. It is the junction of Banan, Fuling and Nanchuan. The “one foot on three counties” vividly and objectively illustrates the location of the ancient town. It covers an area of 68.95 square kilometers and has a population of 22,000. It has 8 administrative villages and 1 community neighborhood committee, with a population of nearly 5,000.  Fengsheng Town is a big pig breeding town in Banan District and a sericulture base town in the city. Agricultural and sideline products such as high-quality rice, ginger, sweet potatoes, tobacco leaves, watermelons, peaches and plums, poultry eggs and the like are sold well inside and outside the city.

The whole town has a forest coverage rate of 42%. There are many cultural and natural landscapes and geological and geomorphological wonders in the area. Among the numerous mountains and mounds, there are nearly 50 mountain fastness temples built in the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are many well-preserved ancient dwellings and buildings. There are still 15 “Sichuan-Chongqing” type watchtowers. There are hundreds of acres of maple leaves in late autumn, 12 waterfalls and more than 60 underground caves and other natural landscapes in the area. Material and intangible cultural heritage are especially abundant.

History of Ancient Town

Due to its long history and profound cultural background, Fengsheng Town was named one of the first 20 “historic and cultural towns” by Chongqing Municipal People’s Government in April 2002. In February 2005, Chongqing Municipal People’s Government approved the “Fengsheng Town Ancient Town Protection Plan”. Since 2002, the Fengsheng Town People’s Government has successively formulated protection measures, invested a large amount of funds to protect the ancient town and improve the infrastructure. Therefore, it has also welcomed tens of thousands of tourists from all over the world who visit the ancient town to seek seclusion. On December 23, 2008, he won the title of “Famous Town of Chinese History and Culture” jointly issued by the State Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, and held an official listing ceremony yesterday. “Famous Town of Chinese History and Culture” is the title of the highest-level historical and cultural heritage in China.

Main attraction

If you want to view a full panorama nearby, you have to board the Jielong Mountain, which is more than 600 meters above sea level to the west of Fengsheng Farm, and set foot on the ridge of Jielong Mountain. The first thing you see is the rectangular Fengsheng ancient town, with a panoramic view of the stone slab street, the wood plank house and the green and gray tiles. It is full of antique, antique and ancient flavor.

Next is a plateau dam, which has always been the viewing platform for people on the court. Street people often walk slowly to the dam to view the scenery when the sun sets in spring, summer and autumn. The sun is like blood, and under the afterglow, the clouds that are winding around countless green mountains are motionless and quiet, and the worries and troubles will disappear.

Recreational activities

The lion dance in the ancient town is similar to that in other places, but it is extremely rich in local characteristics.  The lion was amused by people wearing masks, commonly known as “laughing head monks,” and holding fans or handkerchiefs.  Next to them were three or two people banging simple and rhythmic drums, lions and dancers. The funny movements often made people laugh.  When dancing to its climax, the lion will turn over the stage formed by overlapping five tables, walk up and down, and perform various breathtaking actions. The scene is very amusing.

The history of playing dragon lantern is also very long.  As the saying goes, “The dragon is burned, the dragon is burned, and the fireworks are blazing. Today they are burned, and they are red all year round”.  As soon as the twelfth lunar month arrived, the town’s skillful craftsmen began preparing to make dragon lanterns, tying dragon heads, dragon bodies and dragon tails with superior bamboo strips.  The dragon’s body is divided into many sections, ranging from 2 meters to 10 and 8 sections. The dragon is painted on paper or silk and dried in the air.  Dragon dance teams are mostly organized spontaneously by people who like to play with dragons in the village.

Traffic information

1. From the direction of tea garden to Kaiying, pass through the south bank toll station of G50S, and take the G50S Shanghai-Chongqing South Line Expressway (along the Yangtze River Expressway) to Fengsheng Road.
2. Chongqing Ring Expressway-East Ring Interchange-G50S Shanghai-Chongqing South Line Expressway (Riverside Expressway)-Fengsheng Road.
Bus routes:
922: Light Textile City (Wooden Cave)-> Abundant
923: Light Textile City (Wooden Cave)-Changping-> Fengsheng
D004: Longzhouwan Hub Station-> Liujiaping Subway Station-> Fengsheng
D008: 4km hub station-> liujiaping subway station-> fengsheng

Nearby attractions