Changsha, the capital of Hunan, is not only fascinating with local culture and human landscapes, but also its colorful ethnic customs, simple folk customs, unique regional culture, such as farming, festivals, costumes, diet and daily life, weddings and funerals, architecture, language, religious beliefs, etc. constitute a rich and colorful folk customs picture for your Changsha Travel.
Ethnic Groups in Changsha
In 2010, there were 54 ethnic minorities in Changsha including Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, Hui, Kazak, Kirgiz, Monba, Hezhen, Yugur, Oroqen, and Uzbek, totaling 73,500. The ethnic minorities of more than 10,000 people are Tujia and Miao.
Inheritors of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Changsha
|Order Number||Name||Sex||Date of Birth||Project Name||Declaration Place||Classification|
|01-0080||Liu Aiyun(刘爱云)||Female||1938.12||Hunan Embroidery(湘绣)||Changsha Hunan||Traditional Art|
|02-0418||Fu Yiping(傅艺萍)||Female||1964.08||Kun Opera(昆曲)||Hunan||Traditional Drama|
|02-0419||Zhang Fuguang(张富光)||Male||1957.01||Hunan Embroidery(湘绣)||Hunan||Traditional Drama|
|03-0966||Lei Ziwen(雷子文)||Male||1943.07||Hunan Embroidery(湘绣)||Hunan||Traditional Drama|
|03-1139||Zeng Jingui(曾金贵)||Male||1938.03||Hunan Opera(湘剧)||Changsha||Traditional Drama|
|03-1140||Cao Rulong(曹汝龙)||Male||1949.07||Hunan Opera(湘剧)||Changsha||Traditional Drama|
|03-1170||Peng Yankun(彭延坤)||Male||1937.05.09||Changsha Soochow Lyrics(长沙弹词)||Changsha||Chinese Folk Art Forms|
|03-1342||Zhong Ziqi(钟自奇)||Male||1956.12||Liuyang FirEworks Manufacturing Skill(浏阳花炮制作技艺)||Liuyang City, Changsha||Traditional Skill|
|04-1666||Li Guixiang(李桂香)||Female||1943.08||Chinese Shadow Puppetry(皮影戏)||Hunan||Traditional Drama|
|04-1769||Liu Jianxin(柳建新)||Female||1951.09||Hunan Embroidery(湘绣)||Changsha, Hunan||Traditional Art|
|04-1770||Jiang Zaihong(江再红)||Female||1968.03||Hunan Embroidery(湘绣)||Changsha||Traditional Art|
|05-2180||Qiu Shaoqiu(邱少求)||Male||Music of Oblation Confucius for Confucius Temples in Liuyang(浏阳文庙祭孔音乐)||Liuyang City, Changsha||Traditional Music|
|05-2529||Zou Kunshan(邹昆山)||Male||Hunan Yu-drum(湖南渔鼓)||Hunan||Chinese Folk Art Forms|
|05-2879||Liu Kunting(刘坤庭)||Male||Changsha Tongguanyao Pottery Firing Skill(长沙铜官窑陶瓷烧制技艺)||Wangcheng District, Changsha||Traditional Skill|
Dining Culture of Changsha
Hunan Cuisine, known as Xiang Cuisine, as one of the eight cuisines in China is characterized by plenty of oil and gorgeous outlook. Chefs in Hunan province are adept at making spicy and hot dishes, dried meat, and pickles. Changsha, capital of Hunan province, is the centre of Hunan cuisine and the city of dainties. Therefore, city-dwellers in Changsha are well reputed as foodies. Some renowned Hunan cuisine dishes in Changsha are spicy chicken and sesame crisp duck. In the meanwhile, its snacks are as famous as the cuisine. Not only are they countless in number, but also unique in flavor. Stinky tofu is just a typical snack in Changsha that enjoys great popularity.
Living Culture of Changsha
It occupies an area of 11,816 sq.km., and has a population of around 8 million. Surrounding the city are the beautiful Yuelu, Dawei and Weishan mountains, and the Xiangjiang river runs from north to south. As a famous ancient city with a history spanning 3,500 years, Changsha is among the first group of Chinese cultural and historical cities open to tourists, and was listed in China's top 10 ecological, liveable and leisure cities.
Local Products Culture
The local products of Changsha are known as "Three Incomparable Products", namely, Hunan Embroidery, Palm Fibre Weaving, Chrysanthemum Stone Carving.