Bijie Culture

The splendid history and culture and primitive folk customs add radiance to each other and weave into a beautiful Bijie name card. Bijie has a long history, splendid culture and simple folk customs.

Ethnic Groups

Bijie is home to a large number of ethnic minorities, among 56 ethnic groups in China, 45 ethnic groups distributed in Bijie, coupled with Chuanqing people(穿青人), Caijia People(蔡家人), Gejia People(革家人), Longjia People(龙家人) and other pending ethnic groups, making Bijie customs and practices colorful. The proportion of Han people in the total population reaches 74.12%. The population of all ethnic minorities (including pending ethnic groups and foreigners who have become Chinese nationals) accounts for 25.88% of the total population. Among the minorities, seven ethnic groups with a population of over ten thousand are Yi, Miao, Hui, Bai, Buyi, Mongol and Gelao, taking up about 72.4% of all minority population. In addition, the population of pending ethnic groups is 26.04% of all minority population. 

Ethnic Townships

There is 1 autonomous counties(Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County(威宁彝族回族苗族自治县)) and more than 70 ethnic townships in Bijie. 

Administrative Divisions Ethnic Townships
Qixingguan District(七星关区) Tiankan Yi Ethnic Township(田坎彝族乡), Tuanjie Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(团结彝族苗族乡), Yindi Yi, Miao and Bai Ethnic Township(阴底彝族苗族白族乡), Qianxi Yi, Miao and Bai Ethnic Township(千溪彝族苗族白族乡), Ashi Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(阿市苗族彝族乡), Datun Yi Ethnic Township(大屯彝族乡)
Hezhang County(赫章县) Shuitangbao Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(水塘堡彝族苗族乡), Xingfa Miao, Yi and Hui Ethnic Township(兴发苗族彝族回族乡), Songlinpo Bai, Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(松林坡白族彝族苗族乡), Zhijie Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(雉街彝族苗族乡), Zhushi Yi Ethnic Township(珠市彝族乡), Shuangping Yi and Miao Ethnic Township( 双坪彝族苗族乡), Tiejiang Miao Ethnic Township(铁匠苗族乡), Fuchu Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(辅处彝族苗族乡), Kele Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(可乐彝族苗族乡), Hezhen Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(河镇彝族苗族乡), Jiegou Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(结构彝族苗族乡), Guda Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(古达苗族彝族乡)
Nayong County(纳雍县) Xinfang Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(新房彝族苗族乡), Shedongguan Yi, Miao and Bai Ethnic Township(厍东关彝族苗族白族乡), Dongdi Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(董地苗族彝族乡), Huazuo Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(化作苗族彝族乡), Gukai Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(姑开苗族彝族乡), Yangchang Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(羊场苗族彝族乡), Guoquanyan Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(锅圈岩苗族彝族乡), Kunzhai Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(昆寨苗族彝族白族乡), Zuoyijia Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(左鶂戛彝族苗族乡), Zhuchang Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(猪场苗族彝族乡)
Zhijin County(织金县) Ziqiang Miao Ethnic Township(自强苗族乡), Daping Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(大平苗族彝族乡), Guanzhai Miao Ethnic Township(官寨苗族乡), Chadian Buyi, Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(茶店布依族苗族彝族乡), Jinlong Miao, Yi and Buyi Ethnic Township(金龙苗族彝族布依族乡), Houzhai Miao Ethnic Township(后寨苗族乡), Jichang Miao, Yi and Buyi Ethnic Township(鸡场苗族彝族布依族乡)
Qianxi County(黔西县) Wuli Buyi and Miao Ethnic Township(五里布依族苗族乡), Lvhua Bai and Yi Ethnic Township(绿化白族彝族乡), Xinren Miao Ethnic Township(新仁苗族乡), Tieshi Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(铁石苗族彝族乡), Tailai Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(太来彝族苗族乡), Yongshen Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(永燊彝族苗族乡), Zhongjian Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(中建苗族彝族乡), Huaxi Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(花溪彝族苗族乡), Dingxin Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(定新彝族苗族乡), Jinpo Miao, Yi and Man Ethnic Township(金坡苗族彝族满族乡), Renhe Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(仁和彝族苗族乡), Honglin Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(红林彝族苗族乡)
Jinsha County(金沙县) Shichang Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(石场苗族彝族乡), Taiping Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(太平彝族苗族乡), Anluo Miao, Yi and Man Ethnic Township(安洛苗族彝族满族乡), Xinhua Miao, Yi and Man Ethnic Township(新化苗族彝族满族乡), Datian Yi, Miao and Buyi Ethnic Township(大田彝族苗族布依族乡), Malu Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(马路彝族苗族乡)
Dafang County(大方县) Zhuyuan Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(竹园彝族苗族乡), Xiangshui Bai, Yi and Gelao Ethnic Township(响水白族彝族仡佬族乡), Dingxin Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(鼎新彝族苗族乡), Niuchang Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(牛场苗族彝族乡), Lihua Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(理化苗族彝族乡), Fengshan Yi and Mongol Ethnic Township(凤山彝族蒙古族乡), Anle Yi and Gelao Ethnic Township(安乐彝族仡佬族乡), Hetao Yi and Bai Ethnic Township(核桃彝族白族乡), Babao Yi and Miao Ethnic Township(八堡彝族苗族乡), Xinglong Miao Ethnic Township(兴隆苗族乡), Dashan Miao and Yi Ethnic Township(大山苗族彝族乡), Huangni Yi, Miao and Man Ethnic Township(黄泥彝族苗族满族乡), Dashui Yi, Miao and Buyi  Ethnic Township(大水彝族苗族布依族乡), Shachang Yi Ethnic Township(沙厂彝族乡), Pudi Yi, Miao and Bai Ethnic Township(普底彝族苗族白族乡), Baina Yi Ethnic Township(百纳彝族乡), Sanyuan Yi, Miao and Bai Ethnic Township(三元彝族苗族白族乡), Xingsu Miao, Yi and Gelao Ethnic Township(星宿苗族彝族仡佬族乡)
Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County(威宁彝族回族苗族自治县) Xinfa Buyi Ethnic Township(新发布依族乡)

Local Culture and Customs

  • Yi Culture: The Yi minority is the most populous minority in Bijie. From the perspective of external features, the costumes of the Yi in Bijie are mainly the Wumeng mountain costumes representing the eastern dialect of the Yi language, while there are also a few Liangshan mountain costumes representing the northern dialect of the Yi language in Weining autonomous countyThese costumes can still reflect the relics of totem worship and rich historical and cultural connotations of the Yi. The eastern Yi dialect area is one of the most well-preserved areas of Yi history and culture, and its rich ancient literature in Yi language is second to none in the world. The folk customs and festivals of the Yi contain rich Yi traditional culture.
  • Miao Culture: The Miao minority is one of the major minorities in Bijie. The Miao language contains rich historical and cultural connotations. Through the study of the Miao language, the profound historical and cultural traditional information of the Miao people can be found. Miao costume, as an important combination of material culture and spiritual culture, carries the migration history of the Miao, records both the tortuous course of Miao migration and the Miao people's material civilization and spiritual civilization of thousands of years, also embodies the difference of dialect among different branches. It is a colorful landscape of ethnic culture. At present, in Miao literature, the folk literature is richest, its genres include poems, stories, aphorisms, proverbs, riddles, etc.
  • Hui Culture: The most obvious and prominent feature of the Hui culture is the belief in Islam, which closely unites the Hui people. As the classic of Islam, the Quran records many Islamic doctrines, rules and historical cultures, from which we can feel the psychological and cultural pursuit of the Hui people. Weining autonomous county has the most Hui population in Bijie and even the whole Guizhou province. There are 55 mosques in Weining county. The mosque is the most representative building reflecting Islamic culture and condenses the essence of Islamic culture. Hui festivals mainly include Lesser Bairam, Corban Festival, maulid al-nabi. The Hui people in the area mainly use the Chinese language and Arabic is also used on some occasions.
  • Bai, Buyi and Gelao Culture: Bai, Buyi and Gelao are also the major minorities, living in Bijie for generation. They all have their own languages, which contain rich ethnic historical and cultural information. They also have their own rich folk literature and arts, as well as customs and festivals with unique ethnic cultural characteristics.
  • Ethnic Music: Among so many ethnic songs and dances, "Song of Wumeng", which integrates the ethnic songs and dances of Han, Yi, Miao, Hui, Buyi, Bai and Gelao, enjoys a good reputation at home and abroad. It had a visit to northern Europe, Canada and other countries, repeatedly won ethnic song and dance contest in the province and the whole country, and became one of the main songs and dances in Beijing Chinese Ethnic Park and Yunnan Ethnic Culture Village. 
  • Ethnic Handcrafts: The ethnic crafts of primitive simplicity and elegance are represented by paper cutting of Yi minority, Miao batik and embroidery.
  • Ethnic Festivals: The ancient and unique ethnic customs constitute the traditional customs of the people in Bijie, such as hospitality, courtesy, respect for the old and love the young, and solidarity and friendship. Colorful ethnic festivals include the torch festival of Yi, Yi's New Year, Tiaohua festival of Miao and Double Sixth Festival of Buyi.
History of Bijie

History of Bijie

Before the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) established an administrative unit in this area, Bijie was governed by several kingdoms of ethnic minorities....

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