Tianjin Overview

Tianjin Travel Overview introduces Tianjin fast facts including the Basic Information, Population, Climate, Geography, Culture History, Economy, Natural Resources, Landmarks, Administrative Diversions.

Basic Information

Geography

Tianjin is located at the lower reaches of the Haihe River, its territory lying on both sides of the river. The distance from the city proper to the sea coast is 50 km and that to Beijing is 120 km. It is an important passage by sea to Beijing, having served as an important fort and doorway to Beijing since ancient times. It is also a communication hub linking north China, northeast China and northwest China.

Tianjin's geological structure is complex and most of it is covered by Cenozoic sediments. The terrain is dominated by plains and depressions, with low mountains and hills in the north, and the altitude gradually decreases from north to south. The city's highest peak is Jiushan Peak with an altitude of 1,078.5 meters above sea level. The overall contour of the landform is high in the northwest and low in the southeast.

Climate

Tianjin is located in the north temperate zone on the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent. It is dominated by the monsoon circulation and is a region where the East Asian monsoon prevails. It belongs to the warm temperate semi-humid monsoon climate. Near the Bohai Bay, the impact of the marine climate on Tianjin is more obvious. Tianjin is known to experience extremes in weather at times, including monsoon periods in the summer months. Occasional sandstorms in Tianjin are by no means unheard of and arrive from the Gobi Desert, with other climatic influences including strong tidal air currents.

July tends to be the wettest month in Tianjin, when you can expect heavy spells of rain, in between the sunny weather and hot days. The average precipitation levels in July are around 170mm /6.7 inches, compared to 60mm/2.4 inches in June and 155 mm/6.1 inches in August.

Administrative Divisions

As of the end of 2017, Tianjin has jurisdiction over 16 municipal districts, with 245 subdistricts, townships and towns. The municipal districts are divided into central urban area, ring area around the city, Binhai new area and outer suburban area.

16 Districts in Tianjin

History

As one of the five National Central Cities of the People's Republic of China, Tianjin enjoys a favoured status. It is China's sixth-largest city and one of the country's hubs of advanced innovation, industry and financial reform. Divided into a historic old city district and the more modern Binhai New Area, Tianjin and its history offer an interesting mix of ancient China and the economic tiger the world knows today.

More about History of Tianjin

Culture

Tianjin is a provincial level municipality of China, ranking the third largest urban land area after Beijing and Shanghai. It is the only city in China that has the exact record of city construction. With a history of more than 600 years, Tianjin created a uniquely compatible urban style, Chinese and Western, ancient and modern. Tianjin is a cultural city. in the following, culture of Tianjin will be introduce to you including Tianjin Language, folk customs, worship, etc. These will allow you to know more about this city near Beijing.

More about Tianjin Culture

Transportation

Tianjin Transportation, to some extent, is strongly linked to Tianjin Tours. As the most developed city in China, Tianjin has the best transport network compared with other cities in China. At present, the main transportation modes in Tianjin are airplanes, trains, buses, ships and so on. What's more, Tianjin Port is an important hub in China. Tianjin has an extensive public transport system, largely based on buses, light rail, taxis, and a rapidly expanding metro system. It is very convenient to get to Tianjin and get around Tianjin.

More about Tianjin Transportation

Note: Due to the large number of one-way streets, Tianjin buses tend to have different routes. If you are going to return on the same road, it is best to find out what the returning station is before getting off the bus.

Things to Do

Tianjin, as one of the most developed cities in China, is an epitome of modern urban China with the most intriguing history. Tianjin is gifted with rich tourist attractions related to its long and complicated history.

Economy

In 2018, Tianjin's gross domestic product (GDP) was 1,880.964 billion yuan, with an increase of 3.6% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 17.271 billion yuan, with an increase of 0.1%; the added value of the secondary industry was 760.981 billion yuan, with an increase of 1.0%; and the added value of the tertiary industry was 110.712 billion yuan, with an increase of 5.9%. The three industrial structures are 0.9: 40.5: 58.6. The general public budget revenue for the year was 210.619 billion yuan. Among them, tax revenue was 162.484 billion yuan, accounting for 77.2% of general public budget revenue, with an increase of 7.7 percentage points over the previous year. From the perspective of the main tax types, the value-added tax was 69.843 billion yuan, with an increase of 6.7%; the corporate income tax was 31.951 billion yuan, with an increase of 3.1%; and the personal income tax was 12.978 billion yuan, with an increase of 11.4%.

Natural Resources

Water Resource

There are 19 first-class riverways flowing through Tianjin, with a total length of 1,095.1 kilometers. There are 6 artificial riverways in Tianjin, namely, Ziyaxin River, Duliujian River, Machangjian River, Yongding New River, Chaobai New River and Huanxiang New River, with a total length of 284.1 kilometers. There are 79 secondary riverways with a total length of 1,363.4 kilometers and 1,061 deep canals with a total length of 4,578 kilometers. Tianjin has a certain amount of groundwater.

The Water Diversion Project from Luanhe River to Tianjin City is a large-scale water conservancy project built in Tianjin in the 1980s. It diverts water to Tianjin and delivers 1 billion cubic meters of water to Tianjin every year. Tianjin is rich in groundwater, with karst-fractured water in mountainous areas, the best water quality, and low mineralization. The flow of spring water is generally 7.2-14.6 tons/hour, and the maximum in the rainy season is 720-800 tons/hour. The city has 3 large reservoirs with a total storage capacity of 340 million cubic meters of water

Land Resource

As of 2016, Tianjin's arable land area was 485,600 hectares, accounting for 40.7% of the city's total land area; the garden area was 37,324 hectares, accounting for 3.13%; the forest land was 34,227 hectares, accounting for 2.87%; the pasture grassland was 594 hectares, accounting for 0.05%; the residential areas and industrial and mining land area is 218,345 hectares, accounting for 18.33%; the land for transportation is 32,937 hectares, accounting for 2.76%; the water area is 315,089 hectares, accounting for 26.43%; the unused land is 67,845 hectares, accounting for 5.69%. Of the total land area, 5.0168 million mu of state-owned land, accounting for 28.06%. Except for the mountainous areas and hills in the northern Jizhou District, the rest of the city's land is soil developed on deep sediment. In the coastal area of ​​the lower reaches of the Haihe River, there are 1,214 square kilometers of wasteland and beaches to be developed, which is an ideal site for the development of petrochemical and marine chemical industries.

Biological Resources

The vegetation in Tianjin can be roughly divided into coniferous forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest, shrubs, meadows, halophytes, swamp vegetation, aquatic vegetation, sandy vegetation, farmland planting plants, etc. As of September 2006, there were a total of 497 species of wild animals in Tianjin, of which 73 were national key protected animals. Among the wild animals in Tianjin, there are 41 species of mammals such as weasel, wolf, and jackal, 389 species of birds such as barn swallows, sparrows, and seagulls, 7 species of amphibians such as toads, 19 species of reptiles such as domestic snakes, and turtles, 41 species of magpie and other fish.

Ore Resources

Mineral

As of 2016, there are more than 20 types of metal, non-metal and fuel mines in Tianjin. Metal ore and non-metal ore are mainly distributed in the northern mountainous area of ​​Tianjin. The metal ore mainly includes manganese, gold, tungsten, molybdenum, copper, zinc, iron, etc. Among them, manganese and boron are not only discovered for the first time in China, but also rare in the world. Non-metallic ore mainly includes cement limestone, barite, laminated stone, marble, natural oil stone, purple sand clay, maifan stone, etc., all of which have high mining value.

Cement limestone is the dominant mineral species in Tianjin's non-metallic minerals. There are five proven mineral reserves in the mineral deposits. The ore bodies are found in the limestone formations of the Tieling Formation in the Jixian system of the Middle Proterozoic, and contain 48% to 50.7% of CaO. The five provenances of proven industrial reserves are Dongyingfang(东营房), Zhuanshan(转山), Tieling(铁岭), Laohuding(老虎顶), and Yushan(渔山), with proven reserves of 180 million tons. Cement limestone minerals have become an important resource for the cement industry in Tianjin.

Oil Gas

Tianjin fuel mines are mainly buried in the plain area and the Bohai Bay continental shelf, with oil, natural gas, and coal-derived gas. Tianjin has two major oil fields, the Bohai Sea and Dagang, which are the key oil and gas fields developed by the state. The proven oil reserves are 4 billion tons, the oilfield area is more than 100 square kilometers; the natural gas geological reserves are more than 150 billion cubic meters, and the coal field area is 80 square kilometers.

Geothermal Resource

The geothermal resources in Tianjin belong to non-volcanic sedimentary basins. The water temperature is mostly 30° C to 90° C. It has the characteristics of shallow burial and good water quality. Ten geothermal anomaly areas with exploration and development value have been found, covering an area of ​​2,434 square kilometers, and the total hot water storage capacity is 110.36 billion cubic meters, which is the largest medium-low temperature geothermal field in China so far.

Marine Resource

The coastline of Tianjin is located in the western part of the Bohai Sea, starting from the Qikou in the south and reaching the estuary of the Jianhe River in the north, reaching 153 kilometers in length. There are seabeach resources, marine biological resources, marine water resources, and marine oil and gas resources. The seabeach area is about 370 square kilometers, which has been developed and used. Marine biological resources are mainly plankton, nekton, benthic organisms and intertidal organisms. Tianjin has been a well-known salt producing place since ancient times and has the largest salt field in China. With seawater desalination, there is great potential for addressing the lack of freshwater. As of 2016, 45 oil-bearing structures have been discovered with considerable reserves. Tianjin has a coastline of about 153 kilometers and has Changlu Salt Field, China's most famous sea salt producing area. In 2005, it produced 2.3 million tons of raw salt, accounting for 1/10 of the country's total sea salt production.