Distribution of Ethnic Minorities

The Distribution of Ethnic Minorities has taken shape throughout China’s long history of development as ethnic groups migrated and mingled. China’s minority ethnicities mainly live in border regions and mountainous areas of the north, south, and west. Costumes are the most representative feature of an ethnic group, with designs and colours closely linked with geographical environment and customs. According to the population, the major ethnic groups are Zhuang, Uyghur, Hui, Manchu, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh and Dai.

Chinese Ethnic Minorities Distribution

 Ethnic Groups  Population(2010) Major Area of Distribution
 Achang  39,555  Yunnan
 Bai   1,933,510  Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan
 Blang  119,639  Yunnan
 Bonan  20,074  Gansu
 Bouyei  2,870,034  Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan
 Chaoxian  1,830,929  Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Beijing Koreatown
 Dai  1,261,311  Yunnan
 Daur  131,992  Inner Mongolia, Heilongjian, Xinjiang
 Deang  20,556  Yunnan
 Dong  2,879,974  Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi
 Dongxiang  621,500  Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang
 Dulong  6,930  Yunnan
 Ewenki  30,875  Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
 Gaoshan  4,009  Taiwan (population not counted), Fujian
 Gelao  550,746  Guizhou, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan
 Gin  28,199  Guangxi
 Hani  1,660,932  Yunnan
 Hezhen  5,354  Heilongjiang
 Hui  10,586,087  Concentrated in Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang
 Jingpo  147,828  Yunnan
 Jino  23,143  Yunnan
 Kazak  1,462,588  Xinjing, Gansu, Qinghai
 Kirgiz  186,708  Xinjiang, Heilongjiang
 Lahu  485,966  Yunnan
 Li  1,463,064  Hainan
 Lisu  702,839  Yunnan, Sichuan
 Luoba  3,682  Tibet
 Man  10,387,958  Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing, Inner Mongolia
 Maonan  101,192  Guangxi
 Miao  9,426,007  Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hainan, Hubei, Guangdong
 Monba  10,561  Tibet
 Mongol  5,981,849  Inner Mongolia,Liaoning, Jilin, Hebei, Xinjiang, Heilongjian, Qinghai, Henan
 Mulam  216,257  Guangxi
 Naxi   326,295  Yunnan, Sichuan
 Nu  37,523  Yunnan
 Oroqen  8,659  Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
 Primi  42,861  Yunnan
 Qiang  309,576  Sichuan
 Russ   15,393  Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
 Salar  130,607 Qinghai, Gansu, Xinjiang
 She  708,651  Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Anhui
 Shui  411,847  Guizhou, Guangxi
 Tagik  51,069  Xinjiang
 Tatar  3,556  Xinjiang
 Tibetan  6,282,187  Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunnan
 Tu  289,565  Qinghai, Gansu
 Tujia  8,353,912  Hunnan, Hubei, Guizhou, Chongqing
 Uygur  10,069,346  Xinjiang
 Uzbek  10,569  Xinjiang
 Wa  429,709  Yunnan
 Xibe  190,481  Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin
 Yao  2,796,003  Guangxi, Hunan, Yunna, Guangdong, Guizhou
 Yi  8,714,393  Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi
 Yugur  14,378  Gansu
Zhuang 16,926,381  Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan

Ethnic Minorities Distribution by Location

Distribution Location Ethnic Minorities
Southwest China Bai, Blang, Bouyei, Dai, Dong, Deang, Dulong, Gelao, Hani, Jino, Jingpo, Luoba, Lahu, Lisu, Miao, Monba, Nu, Naxi, Primi, Qiang, Shui, Wa, Yi, Tibetan, Achang
Northwest China BonanDongxiangRussHuiKazakSalarTuYugurTagikTatarUygurXibeKirgizUzbek
Southeast China GaoshanGinLiMulamMaonanShe,  TujiaYaoZhuang
Northeast China ChaoxianDaurOroqenEwenkiHezhenManMongol

Minority Discovery with China Dragon Tours

On this vast land, there are 55 ethnic minority groups who have colorful costumes, different flavors of food, unique etiquette, and a variety of festivals. They are mainly distributed in the southwest, northwest and northeast areas. The most popular destinations for minority discovery are YunnanGuizhouGuangxi, Xinjiang and Tibet, which also boasts amazing natural scenery at the same time. Yunnan province has the largest number of ethnic population in China with 25 ethnic minorities. Join our minority discovery tours, and you definitely will have great fun by discovering the ethnic villages, enjoying the local performance and taking parting in the local big event.

Recommended Tours:
4 Days XishuangBanna Water Splashing Festival Celebration Tour
5 Days Guizhou Miao & Dong Minority Tour
6 Days Xilingol Grassland and Chengde Culture Tour from Beijing
9 Days Best Yunnan Minorities Discovery
16 Days Yunnan-Guizhou-Guangxi Minorities Discovery by Speed Train